Writer and political analyst George Megalogenis with the second part of his conversation on how Australia got to its current place in the world - the envy of every other economy.
Tagged with “australian” (20)
Political analyst George Megalogenis on the Australian economy: Part 2 - ABC Conversations with Richard Fidler
Political analyst George Megalogenis on the Australian economy: Part 1 - ABC Conversations with Richard Fidler
George Megalogenis has looked back over four decades to explain how and why Australia’s economy is the envy of the world.
George Megalogenis is an author and one of the country’s most respected analysts and commentators.
Since the 1990s there have been three big economic crashes, and Australia has ducked them all.
In the first of two programs, George covers the 70s and 80s, and asks: did we make our own luck?
The Australian Moment: How We Were Made for These Times, published in 2012 by Penguin.
With Australian electricity prices amongst the highest in the world, more and more households are going solar. The big power companies say the Renewable Energy Target is pushing up prices and undermining their businesses and the federal government agrees. So who is to blame for the high price of power? Jess Hill investigates.
Report: Senate Inquiry into Electricity Prices (http://www.aph.gov.au/~/link.aspx?_id=D3162996DBB04099B6835FD018B4CE16&_z=z)
Report: Climate Change Authority review into the Renewable Energy Target (2012) (http://climatechangeauthority.gov.au/ret)
Renew Economy, specialist website covering the renewable energy industry (http://reneweconomy.com.au/)
Energy Supply Association of Australia (https://www.esaa.com.au/)
Australian Solar Council (http://solar.org.au/)
Mid-North Coast energy demand review (http://www.resourcesandenergy.nsw.gov.au/energy-supply-industry/pipelines-electricity-gas-networks/electricity-networks/mid-north-coast-review)
ACT 90 per cent renewable energy target (http://www.environment.act.gov.au/energy/90_percent_renewable)
Coming to Australia: The first migration - Big Ideas - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
How and when did people first arrive in Australia? Peter Hiscock assesses the current thinking and the archaeological evidence.
It’s generally thought that the first humans arrived on this continent somewhere around 50,000 years ago. But how did they get here and what light can archaeology shed on the process?
Was there a gradual movement out of Africa, through the Middle East across to Asia and then finally arriving in Australia by boat? Or was there a rapid dispersal, multiple waves and different origins ?
Archaeologist Peter Hisock summarises and assesses the current thinking and evidence.
Highlights of Coming to Australia: The first migration of humans to Australia and its global significance. The final talk in the 2013 Insights lectures series presented by the Arts and Social Sciences Alumni, University of Sydney, October 2013.
Professor Peter Hiscock, The Tom Austen Brown Professor of Australian Archaeology, University of Sydney
In Defeat We’ll Always Try: the death of the Fitzroy Lions - Hindsight - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
This is a story all about the game, and the hardcore business, of the code once known as Aussie Rules. It may have slipped from public memory, but it remains a bitter pill in the hearts of some followers of one football team. In 2011, the AFL signed a $1.25 billion television rights deal—so it’s hard to imagine that, a little over a decade ago, a debt of a few million dollars was enough to send one of Australian football’s foundation clubs under. But that’s what happened to the Fitzroy Football Club.
In the early days of the Victorian Football League, Fitzroy was king of the code—they were known as the Maroons, and in the early decades of the 20th century, they won seven premierships. Between the wars, they came to be known as the Gorillas, and in 1944, they snatched another premiership.
But since that last wartime victory, Fitzroy’s prowess began to dwindle—and even with the moniker ‘the Lions’, they finally became known as the ‘lovable losers’.
And so it was, in 1996, that the Lions of Fitzroy were no more. In their wake, a new football team emerged, up in the steamy northern city of Brisbane.
This story charts the events of that year, which involve debt, treachery, betrayal and cold hearted business pragmatism. One-eyed Fitzroy fan Jack Kerr documents the demise of Fitzroy, and the rise of the Brisbane Lions.
The program features passionate fans and veteran players, as well those inside the club, whose fight to keep Fitzroy alive is embodied in the team’s old anthem ‘In Defeat We’ll Always Try’.
RareCollections: Pioneering Indigenous Australian Vocalists - ABC Canberra - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Jordie Kilby and David Kilby feature some pioneering Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island singers.
In the 90’s Yothu Yindi’s hit albums and singles greatly assisted in attracting national and international interest in Indigenous Australian music and performers. Yet, in some ways, the path that the group trod had been walked before. But by whom? Here are a few of the pioneers.
Harold Blair - Jabbin Jabbin - Score Records 1956.
Harold Blair was blessed with a beautiful tenor voice and it took him from Murgon mission in Queensland to the concert halls of New York. His first release appeared in 1956 on Melbourne’s Score record label and was the first commercial recording by an aboriginal Australian singer. What makes the record really interesting is that even though Blair made his name performing in productions like The Messiah, his first official recordings were of songs that the discs’ liner notes call traditional aboriginal Australian songs.
Georgia Lee - Downunder Blues - Crest Records - 1962.
When her album "Sings The Blues Downunder" was released it created a place for Georgia Lee in the history books. It was the first blues album ever recorded in Australia and only the second album, of any kind, recorded by an Australian female artist. Alongside covers of blues standards sit two original compositions, Yarra River Blues and Downunder Blues, both penned by Crest producer King Crawford and very early examples of what you might call Australian blues.
Vicki Simms - Yo Yo Heart - Festival Records - 1961 & Stanger in My Country - RCA Records - 1973.
Vicki Simms career began before he was a teenager singing Little Richard covers at Sydney dances in the late 1950’s. His first single Yo Yo Heart was released in 1961 when he was thirteen. Even though his records and TV appearances were geared toward the pop market he was a rock and roller at heart and one of the first aboriginal singers to make his name in that field. After struggling with alcohol he was sent to gaol where he began writing verse and learning guitar. "Stranger in My Country" comes from his 1973 landmark album The Loner which documented the feelings of many indigenous Australians at that time.
George Bracken - Turn Me Loose - W&G Records - 1959.
Before Cassius Clay or Lionel Rose combined boxing with a pop recording career there was George Bracken. George got his start with Jimmy Sharman’s boxing troupe in Queensland and soon moved to Victoria to begin training. He’d always been a social singer and was approached by W&G records to cut a couple of singles in the early 60’s. In the end George had more hits in the ring that on the charts but he was there before anyone else. He later went back to school and dedicated his life to liaising between police and the indigenous community in Redfern, Sydney.
Warumpi Band - Jalanguru Pakarnu - 1983.
Probably most famous these days for songs like My Island Home and Blackfella/Whitefella the Warumpi band hold the distinction of being the first band to record a rock song in an indigenous Australian language (Luritja) . Neil Murray was working as a teacher in Papunya in the central desert region of the Northern Territory when he formed the band with brothers Sammy and Gordon Butcher and George Burarrwanga. Initially covering the likes of Chuck Berry they soon began developing their own unique style of outback rock. The song was named after a phrase common with locals on the street and means "out from jail".
Little Davey Page - Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen - Atlantic Records - 1975.
The Page brothers Stephen and David are best known for their groundbreaking stage and theatre work over the last 20 years. However long before finding lasting national fame David was spotted performing in a talent quest and signed with the iconic American label Atlantic Records - the first Australian to do so. He was groomed as Australia’s answer to the young Michael Jackson and released a couple of singles under the name Little Davey Page. Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen made the top 10 on the Brisbane charts in July 1975 and the follow up We Like Music Together went top 15 early the following year. There were no more after that and Australia had to wait a little before being exposed to David’s talent once again.
In the late 1970s Brisbane was known to the rest of Australia as a big country town, and on the surface it was a citadel of conservative rural Australian values.
The Country Party had been in power for nearly two decades, and the premier, Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, ruled the state with an iron fist, never hesitating to use the Queensland police force to stamp out any resistance to his notoriously corrupt regime.
It was in this context that a smouldering culture of rebellion was born among the students and other residents in the city’s inner suburbs, which manifest in public protests, acts of civil disobedience, and — in defiance of a legislated ban against them — in sometimes violent street marches. This growing wave of dissent also found expression in the energetic and distinctive music which began to emerge from Brisbane at this time, and which kick-started Australia’s wider punk and alternative rock scenes.
The Saints, the Go Betweens and the Riptides, the Laughing Clowns, the Hoodoo Gurus and Gangajang all had their roots in the Brisbane punk scene of the 1970s, and would go on to have a huge influence on Australian music, paving the way for some of Australia’s most successful later acts, including Savage Garden, Powderfinger, Screamfeeder and Regurgertator.
The 2004 book Pig City by Andrew Stafford was the first serious attempt to tell the story of Brisbane’s coming of age through this potent mix of music and politics. The opening of the city’s first community radio station, 4zzz, in 1975, became a vehicle for the emergence of this powerful nexus between music and politics in Brisbane during this era. It’s been argued that, at the time, 4zzz offered the only alternative and articulated voice of opposition to the prevailing state government of the day in Queensland.
Tony Collins recalls his own experience of Bjelke-Petersen’s Queensland, during the years that he spent living in Brisbane, working as a young broadcaster at 4zzz.
This is an edited extract from the original ‘Pig City’ feature, first broadcast on Hindsight in 2008. See link below for the full program, available online as an mp3 audio file.
Further Information: Link: Pig City webpage, with audio available online (http://abc.net.au/radionational/programs/hindsight/pig-city/3225990)
Part Four - Your ABC: heritage, change, convergence, and the road ahead - Special Broadcasts - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
In this hour, how has the ABC interacted with its audiences since its inception in 1932? In the early years, it came in the form of live concerts, performed to a studio audience and broadcast direct to air and, from the outset, there were always programs which relied on listener correspondence. Its education programs were devised to be participatory in schoolrooms around the country, and its English language broadcasts, created for the large influx of migrants who came to Australia after the Second World War, attempted to re-create a one-to-one language lesson between teacher and student. Interaction and a sense of community combined with education and entertainment was the key to the long-running and extremely popular Argonauts program for children (who joined the program’s club) which connected listeners right around the country.
The internet, and the consequent development of ABC online, has extended and transformed the ways in which audiences now participate with the ABC. From its news and current affairs online sites, to its virtual community hubs such as Pool and ABC Open, even its traditional platforms, like talk radio and television programs, have been shaped by the new media technologies—today talkback radio incorporates as many phone text messages and emails as it does telephone calls from listeners, and television programs like Q&A have pioneered the incorporation of audience participation using new technology.
In this segment: the ABC’s role during emergencies and natural disasters, and its long record of ground-breaking investigative journalism. It is this latter part of the organisation’s story that, for some observers of the ABC and for media analysts, is most at risk of being eroded. This issue is examined, along with other questions, in a discussion about the future of the national public broadcaster.
Ken Inglis, historian, author of This is the ABC
Frank Moorhouse, writer
Malcolm Fraser, former prime minister of Australia, 1975–1983
Brenda L Croft, visual artist
Debra Oswald, writer for film, television, stage, radio and children’s fiction
Melissa Sharpe, President, Friends of the ABC, Tasmania branch
June Factor, Friends of the ABC, Victoria
Malcolm Long, Principal, Malcolm Long & Associates, former deputy managing director of the ABC
Lee Burton, media analyst
Professor Dennis Altman, Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences, Latrobe University
Richard White, historian, University of Sydney
Part Three - An open window: bringing the world to you - Special Broadcasts - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
We’re delving into an ABC that takes you places—in your head via sound, and through images on our television screens. From pioneering radio plays and book readings, through location based audio documentaries, to natural history programs, first on radio, and later on television, the ABC has offered audiences a window on the world.
Leslie Rees, First federal Drama Editor of ABC Radio, appointed 1936
Anne McInerney, former producer, ABC Radio Drama and Features
Debra Oswald, writer for film, television, stage, radio and children’s fiction
Irene Poinkin, ABC Language and Research Specialist
Chris Thompson, ABC sound engineer
Brenda L Croft, visual artist
Gary Bartholomew, Producer, ABC Networked Local Radio
Amanda Smith, presenter/producer, The Body Sphere program, Radio National
Part Two - Telling it how it is: truth, taste and testimony - Special Broadcasts - ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
The speech heard on radio and television was initially the preserve of professionals and generally scripted. Unscripted discussion, loosely the form which is a well entrenched part of most radio today, began on the ABC during the Second World War. But the speakers who end up on the radio, and what they have to say, has sometimes been a contentious issue for the ABC. And, for the national public broadcaster, it has not only been about what can and cannot be uttered, but also about the accent, the sound of the spoken word. In this segment we explore how language has been a central issue throughout the ABC’s 80 years—from pronunciation and grammar to questions of obscenity, censorship, and freedom of speech.
Richard Buckham, Network Manager, ABC Classic FM
Norman May, veteran ABC Sports broadcaster
Meredith Burgmann, former leader of the NSW Legislative Council
Robyn Archer, singer, writer, creative director of Centenary of Canberra (2013) and artistic director of The Lights in Winter (Melbourne)
Tim Bowden, Broadcaster, radio and television documentary maker, oral historian and author.
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