Sort by: Relevance | Date | Popularity

11 – 12 of 12

  1. PBT 17

    17 Let’s proceed to the main exhibit hall and look at some of the actual vehicles that have played a prominent role in speeding up mail delivery. Consider how long it used to take to send a letter across a relatively short distance. Back in the 1600’s it took two weeks on horseback to get a letter from Boston to New York, a distance of about 260 miles. Crossing a river was also a challenge. Ferry service was so irregular that a carrier would sometimes wait hours just to catch a ferry. For journeys inland, there was always the stagecoach, but the ride was by no means comfortable because it had to be shared with other passengers. The post office was pretty ingenious about some routes. In the nineteenth century, in the Southwestern desert, for instance, camels were brought in to help get the mail through. In Alaska, reindeer were used. This practice was discontinued because of the disagreeable temperament of these animals. We’ll stop here a minute so that you can enter this replica of a railway mail car. It was during the Age of the Iron Horse that delivery really started to pick up, in fact, the United States transported most bulk mail by train for nearly 100 years. The first airmail service didn’t start until 1918. Please take a few moments to look around. I hope you’ll enjoy your tour. And as you continue on your own, may I suggest you visit our impressive philatelic collection. Not only can you look at some of the more unusual stamps issues, but there is an interesting exhibit on how stamps are made.

    【生词摘录】 1. on horseback: riding a horse 骑着马 2. ferry: n.[C]a boat that carries people or goods across a river or a narrow part of a sea 渡船;渡轮 3. carrier: n.[C]a company that moves goods or passengers from one place to another 运输公司 4. inland: adv. in a direction away from the coast and towards the center of a country 向内陆,在内地 5. stagecoach: n. [C]a closed vehicle pulled by horses that in former times carried passengers who paid to go to a particular place(旧时的)驿站马车 6. by no means: definitely not 决不 7. ingenious: adj. an ingenious plan, idea, invention etc is the result of clever thinking and new ideas, and works well (计划、主意、发明等)巧妙的,精妙的 8. route: n.[C]the way from one place to another, especially a way that is regularly used and can be shown on a map(尤指经常使用,可在地图上显示的)路线 9. reindeer: n. [C]a large deer with long wide horns 驯鹿 10. discontinue: v. to stop doing or providing something that you have regularly done or provided until now 中止,中断,终止 11. disagreeable: adj. not at all enjoyable or pleasant 令人不快的,不合意的,讨厌的;unfriendly and bad-tempered 不友好的,脾气坏的 12. temperament: n. [C,U]the emotional part of someone’s character, especially how likely they are to be happy, angry etc 气质,性情,性格,禀性 13. replica: n. [C]a very good copy, especially of a painting or other work of art(尤指艺术)复制品 14. bulk mail: the posting of large amounts of mail for a smaller cost than usual 大宗邮件寄送 15. impressive: adj. something that is impressive seems very good, large, important etc so that you admire it 给人深刻印象的 16. philatelic: adj. of or relating to philately or of interest to philatelists 集邮的

    download

    Tagged with pbt

    —Huffduffed by fatestigma

  2. PBT 10

    10 Welcome to the Four Winds Historical Farm, where traditions of the past are preserved for visitors like you. Today, our master thatchers will begin giving this barn behind me a sturdy thatched roof, able to withstand heavy winds and last up to a hundred years. How do they do it? Well, in a nutshell, thatching involves covering the beams or rafters, the wooden skeleton of a roof with reeds or straw. Our thatchers here have harvested their own natural materials for the job, the bundles of water reeds you see lying over there beside the barn. Thatching is certainly uncommon in the Untied States today. I guess that’s why so many of you have come to see this demonstration. But it wasn’t always that way. In the seventeenth century, the colonists here thatched their roofs with reeds and straw, just as they had done in England. After a while, though, they began to replace the thatch with wooden shingles because wood was so plentiful. And eventually, other roofing materials like stone, slate, and clay tiles came into use. It’s a real shame that most people today don’t realize how strong and long lasting a thatched roof is. In Ireland, where thatching is still practiced, the roofs can survive winds of up to one hundred ten miles per hour. That’s because straw and reeds are so flexible. They bend but don’t break in the wind like other materials can. Another advantage is that the roofs keep the house cool in the summer and warm in the winter. And then, of course, there’s the roofs’ longevity—the average is sixty years, but they can last up to a hundred. With all these reasons to start thatching roofs again, wouldn’t it be wonderful to see this disappearing craft return to popularity?

    【生词摘录】 1. thatcher: n. [C]someone skilled in making a roof from plant stalks or foliage 盖屋顶者 2. barn: n. [C]a large farm building for storing crops, or for keeping animals in 谷仓,粮秣房,仓库,牲口棚;informal a large, plain building 【非正式】空荡荡的大房子 3. withstand: v. to be strong enough to remain unharmed by something such as great heat or cold, great pressure etc 耐得住,承受住(酷热、严寒、高压等) 4. in a nutshell: spoken used when you are stating the main facts about something in a short, clear way 【口】一言以蔽之,简括地说,用一句话概括 5. beam: n. [C]a long heavy piece of wood or metal used in building houses, bridges etc 梁,横梁 6. rafter: n. [C usually plural]one of the large sloping pieces of wood that form the structure of a roof 椽 7. skeleton: n. [C]the most important parts of something, to which more detail can be added later 骨架,框架;梗概,纲要 8. reed: n. [C]a type of tall plant like grass that grows in wet places 芦苇 9. straw: n. [U]the dried stems of wheat or similar plants that are used for animals to sleep on, and for making things such as baskets, mats etc 秸秆(如麦秆等) 10. colonist: n. [C]someone who settles in a new colony 开拓殖民地的居民,拓殖者 11. shingle: n. [C]one of many small thin pieces of building materials, especially wood, used to cover a roof or wall(覆盖屋顶或墙用的)木瓦;屋面板;墙面板 12. slate: n. [U]a dark grey rock that can easily be split into flat thin pieces 板岩,板石 13. clay: n. [U]heavy sticky soil that can be used for making pots, bricks etc 黏土 14. tile: n. [C]a flat square piece of baked clay or other material, used for covering roofs, floors etc(屋顶、地板等上用的)瓷砖,地砖 15. longevity: n. [U]formal long life 【正式】 长寿;technical the length of a person or animal’s life【术语】(人或动物的)寿命

    download

    Tagged with pbt

    —Huffduffed by fatestigma

Page 2 of 2