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  1. PBT 04

    4 Welcome to Everglades National Park. The Everglades is a watery plain covered with saw grass that’s home to numerous species of plants and wildlife. At one and a half million acres, it’s too big to see it all today, but this tour will offer you a good sampling. Our tour bus will stop first at Taylor Slough. This is a good place to start because it’s home to many of the plants and animals typically associated with the Everglades. You’ll see many exotic birds and, of course, our world famous alligators. Don’t worry, there’s a boardwalk that goes across the marsh, so you can look down at the animals in the water from a safe distance. The boardwalk is high enough to give you a great view of the saw grass prairie. From there we’ll head to some other marshy and even jungle like areas that feature wonderful tropical plant life. For those of you who’d like a closer view of the saw grass prairie, you might consider renting a canoe sometime during your visit here. However, don’t do this unless you have a very good sense of direction and can negotiate your way through tall grass. We’d hate to have to come looking for you. You have the good fortune of being here in the winter—the best time of year to visit. During the spring and summer, the mosquitoes will just about eat you alive! Right now they’re not so bothersome, but you’ll still want to use an insect repellent.

    【生词摘录】 1. Everglades National Park: 大沼泽地国家公园 2. saw grass: 克拉莎草;加州砖子苗 3. acre: n. [C]a unit for measuring area, equal to 4,047 square metres 英亩 4. sampling: n. items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population 取样,抽样,采样 5. exotic: adj. approving seeming unusual and exciting because of being connected with a foreign country 【褒义】异国风情的,外国情调的:exotic birds 外国的奇异鸟类 6. alligator: n. [C]a large animal with a long mouth and sharp teeth that lies in the hot wet parts of the US and China 短吻鳄 7. boardwalk: n. [C]AmE a raised path made of wood, usually built next to the sea【美】(常在海滨)用木板铺成的小道 8. prairie: n. [C]a wide open area of land in North America which is covered in grass or wheat(北美洲的)大草原 9. canoe: n. [C]a long light boat that is pointed at both ends and which you move along using a paddle 独木舟,小划子 10. negotiate: v. <口> 成功通过,顺利越过 11. mosquito: n. [C]a small flying insect that sucks the blood of people and animals 蚊子 12. repellent: n. [C,U]a substance that keeps insects away 驱虫剂

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  2. 《看理想》梁文道:威廉·退尔(一)第六十夜

    梁文道、陈丹青、马世芳,“看理想”第一季首波推出三档栏目,《一千零一夜》——梁文­道导读,回到人间的读书节目。《局部》——跟随陈丹青的眼睛,娓娓解读画家眼中的绘画­传奇。《听说》——一方水土,种出了一片唱歌的田,唱出了一座美丽的岛。听说马世芳,­听说音乐中的台湾。 梁文道,男,汉族(1970年12月26日-),人称“道长”,祖籍广东顺德,香港文­化人、传媒人。 梁文道在香港中文大学崇基学院哲学系毕业。从1998年开始,梁文道就不断活跃于香港­文化界、知识界,足迹范畴从大学讲师、文化从业人员、自由撰稿人、电视电台节目主持人­、牛棚书院院长、中学校长、商业电台台长、电影创作人和剧评家、作家、书评家、食文化­研究人、时事评论员、乐评家,到公共危机处理专员、环保权益维护者、香港爱护动物协会­的动物保育大使和观察员、古迹研究员、文化推广研究学者、艾滋病权益维护义工等。20­08年,梁文道皈依了南传佛教。 梁文道曾说,他最喜欢热爱的城市就是香港。而梁文道在香港出生后不久,因家庭当时经济­情况因素,父母不得不将他送到台湾爷爷奶奶家照顾,中学时在台湾接受教育,15岁时才­回到香港父母家,情况却又倒转过来,令他开始认识到两岸社会政治的冲突所在。游走于两­岸三地之间,因此梁文道的文章多分析中国大陆、香港和台湾的社会动态。

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    Original video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=I50g9I1576g
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    —Huffduffed by xiongmaofangun

  3. 《看理想》梁文道:了不起的盖茨比(一)

    梁文道、陈丹青、马世芳,“看理想”第一季首波推出三档栏目,《一千零一夜》——梁文­道导读,回到人间的读书节目。《局部》——跟随陈丹青的眼睛,娓娓解读画家眼中的绘画­传奇。《听说》——一方水土,种出了一片唱歌的田,唱出了一座美丽的岛。听说马世芳,­听说音乐中的台湾。 梁文道,男,汉族(1970年12月26日-),人称“道长”,祖籍广东顺德,香港文­化人、传媒人。 梁文道在香港中文大学崇基学院哲学系毕业。从1998年开始,梁文道就不断活跃于香港­文化界、知识界,足迹范畴从大学讲师、文化从业人员、自由撰稿人、电视电台节目主持人­、牛棚书院院长、中学校长、商业电台台长、电影创作人和剧评家、作家、书评家、食文化­研究人、时事评论员、乐评家,到公共危机处理专员、环保权益维护者、香港爱护动物协会­的动物保育大使和观察员、古迹研究员、文化推广研究学者、艾滋病权益维护义工等。20­08年,梁文道皈依了南传佛教。 梁文道曾说,他最喜欢热爱的城市就是香港。而梁文道在香港出生后不久,因家庭当时经济­情况因素,父母不得不将他送到台湾爷爷奶奶家照顾,中学时在台湾接受教育,15岁时才­回到香港父母家,情况却又倒转过来,令他开始认识到两岸社会政治的冲突所在。游走于两­岸三地之间,因此梁文道的文章多分析中国大陆、香港和台湾的社会动态。

    ===
    Original video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ePjn7WoKLmw
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/

    —Huffduffed by xiongmaofangun

  4. 《看理想》梁文道:神义论(三)第六十四夜

    梁文道、陈丹青、马世芳,“看理想”第一季首波推出三档栏目,《一千零一夜》——梁文­道导读,回到人间的读书节目。《局部》——跟随陈丹青的眼睛,娓娓解读画家眼中的绘画­传奇。《听说》——一方水土,种出了一片唱歌的田,唱出了一座美丽的岛。听说马世芳,­听说音乐中的台湾。 梁文道,男,汉族(1970年12月26日-),人称“道长”,祖籍广东顺德,香港文­化人、传媒人。 梁文道在香港中文大学崇基学院哲学系毕业。从1998年开始,梁文道就不断活跃于香港­文化界、知识界,足迹范畴从大学讲师、文化从业人员、自由撰稿人、电视电台节目主持人­、牛棚书院院长、中学校长、商业电台台长、电影创作人和剧评家、作家、书评家、食文化­研究人、时事评论员、乐评家,到公共危机处理专员、环保权益维护者、香港爱护动物协会­的动物保育大使和观察员、古迹研究员、文化推广研究学者、艾滋病权益维护义工等。20­08年,梁文道皈依了南传佛教。 梁文道曾说,他最喜欢热爱的城市就是香港。而梁文道在香港出生后不久,因家庭当时经济­情况因素,父母不得不将他送到台湾爷爷奶奶家照顾,中学时在台湾接受教育,15岁时才­回到香港父母家,情况却又倒转过来,令他开始认识到两岸社会政治的冲突所在。游走于两­岸三地之间,因此梁文道的文章多分析中国大陆、香港和台湾的社会动态。

    ===
    Original video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNKcqcURDFk
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/

    —Huffduffed by xiongmaofangun

  5. 《看理想》梁文道:神义论(一)第六十二夜

    梁文道、陈丹青、马世芳,“看理想”第一季首波推出三档栏目,《一千零一夜》——梁文­道导读,回到人间的读书节目。《局部》——跟随陈丹青的眼睛,娓娓解读画家眼中的绘画­传奇。《听说》——一方水土,种出了一片唱歌的田,唱出了一座美丽的岛。听说马世芳,­听说音乐中的台湾。 梁文道,男,汉族(1970年12月26日-),人称“道长”,祖籍广东顺德,香港文­化人、传媒人。 梁文道在香港中文大学崇基学院哲学系毕业。从1998年开始,梁文道就不断活跃于香港­文化界、知识界,足迹范畴从大学讲师、文化从业人员、自由撰稿人、电视电台节目主持人­、牛棚书院院长、中学校长、商业电台台长、电影创作人和剧评家、作家、书评家、食文化­研究人、时事评论员、乐评家,到公共危机处理专员、环保权益维护者、香港爱护动物协会­的动物保育大使和观察员、古迹研究员、文化推广研究学者、艾滋病权益维护义工等。20­08年,梁文道皈依了南传佛教。 梁文道曾说,他最喜欢热爱的城市就是香港。而梁文道在香港出生后不久,因家庭当时经济­情况因素,父母不得不将他送到台湾爷爷奶奶家照顾,中学时在台湾接受教育,15岁时才­回到香港父母家,情况却又倒转过来,令他开始认识到两岸社会政治的冲突所在。游走于两­岸三地之间,因此梁文道的文章多分析中国大陆、香港和台湾的社会动态。

    ===
    Original video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHMnwvXEw80
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/

    —Huffduffed by xiongmaofangun

  6. PBT 16

    16 Today we’re going to practice evaluating the main tool used when addressing groups—the voice. There are three main elements that combine to create either a positive or negative experience for listeners. They can result in a voice that is pleasing to listen to and can be used effectively. Or they can create a voice that doesn’t hold attention, or even worse, causes an adverse reaction. The three elements are volume, pitch, and pace. When evaluating volume, keep in mind that a good speaker will adjust to the size of both the room and the audience. Of course, with an amplifying device like a microphone, the speaker can use a natural tone. But speakers should not be dependent on microphones; a good speaker can speak loudly without shouting. The second element, pitch, is related to the highness or lowness of the sounds. High pitches are, for most people, more difficult to listen to, so in general speakers should use the lower registers of their voice. During a presentation, it’s important to vary pitch to some extent in order to maintain interest. The third element, pace, that is how fast or slow words and sounds are articulated, should also be varied. A slower pace can be used to emphasize important points. Note that the time spent not speaking can be meaningful, too. Pauses ought to be used to signal transitions or create anticipation. Because a pause gives the listeners time to think about what was just said or even to predict what might come next, it can be very effective when moving from one topic to another. What I’d like you to do now is watch and listen to a videotape and use the forms I gave you to rate the speaking voices you hear. Then tonight I want you to go home and read a passage into a tape recorder and evaluate your own voice.

    【生词摘录】 1. evaluate: v. to carefully consider something to see how useful or valuable it is 评估,评价 2. address: v. address a meeting/crowd/conference etc to make a speech to a large group of people 在会上/对人群/在大会上等发表演说 3. adverse: adj. not favorable 不利的;反对的;相反的 4. pitch: n.[C]the highness or lowness of a musical note 音调;音高 5. register: n.[C]technical the range of musical notes that someone’s voice or a musical instrument can reach 【术语】(人声或乐器的)音域 6. anticipation: n. [U]the act of expecting something to happen 预期,预料,期望 7. videotape: n.[C,U]a long narrow band of magnetic material in a flat plastic container, on which films, television programs etc can be recorded 录像(磁)带 8. rate: v. to think that someone or something has a particular quality, value, or standard 对…作评估,评价

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  7. PBT 17

    17 Let’s proceed to the main exhibit hall and look at some of the actual vehicles that have played a prominent role in speeding up mail delivery. Consider how long it used to take to send a letter across a relatively short distance. Back in the 1600’s it took two weeks on horseback to get a letter from Boston to New York, a distance of about 260 miles. Crossing a river was also a challenge. Ferry service was so irregular that a carrier would sometimes wait hours just to catch a ferry. For journeys inland, there was always the stagecoach, but the ride was by no means comfortable because it had to be shared with other passengers. The post office was pretty ingenious about some routes. In the nineteenth century, in the Southwestern desert, for instance, camels were brought in to help get the mail through. In Alaska, reindeer were used. This practice was discontinued because of the disagreeable temperament of these animals. We’ll stop here a minute so that you can enter this replica of a railway mail car. It was during the Age of the Iron Horse that delivery really started to pick up, in fact, the United States transported most bulk mail by train for nearly 100 years. The first airmail service didn’t start until 1918. Please take a few moments to look around. I hope you’ll enjoy your tour. And as you continue on your own, may I suggest you visit our impressive philatelic collection. Not only can you look at some of the more unusual stamps issues, but there is an interesting exhibit on how stamps are made.

    【生词摘录】 1. on horseback: riding a horse 骑着马 2. ferry: n.[C]a boat that carries people or goods across a river or a narrow part of a sea 渡船;渡轮 3. carrier: n.[C]a company that moves goods or passengers from one place to another 运输公司 4. inland: adv. in a direction away from the coast and towards the center of a country 向内陆,在内地 5. stagecoach: n. [C]a closed vehicle pulled by horses that in former times carried passengers who paid to go to a particular place(旧时的)驿站马车 6. by no means: definitely not 决不 7. ingenious: adj. an ingenious plan, idea, invention etc is the result of clever thinking and new ideas, and works well (计划、主意、发明等)巧妙的,精妙的 8. route: n.[C]the way from one place to another, especially a way that is regularly used and can be shown on a map(尤指经常使用,可在地图上显示的)路线 9. reindeer: n. [C]a large deer with long wide horns 驯鹿 10. discontinue: v. to stop doing or providing something that you have regularly done or provided until now 中止,中断,终止 11. disagreeable: adj. not at all enjoyable or pleasant 令人不快的,不合意的,讨厌的;unfriendly and bad-tempered 不友好的,脾气坏的 12. temperament: n. [C,U]the emotional part of someone’s character, especially how likely they are to be happy, angry etc 气质,性情,性格,禀性 13. replica: n. [C]a very good copy, especially of a painting or other work of art(尤指艺术)复制品 14. bulk mail: the posting of large amounts of mail for a smaller cost than usual 大宗邮件寄送 15. impressive: adj. something that is impressive seems very good, large, important etc so that you admire it 给人深刻印象的 16. philatelic: adj. of or relating to philately or of interest to philatelists 集邮的

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  8. PBT 28

    28 In the few minutes that remain of today’s class, I’d like to discuss next week’s schedule with you. Because I’m presenting a paper at a conference in Detroit on Thursday, I won’t be here for either Wednesday’s or Friday’s class. I will, however, be here for Monday’s. Next Friday, a week from today, is the midterm exam, marking the halfway point in the semester. Professor Andrews has agreed to administer the exam. In place of the usual Wednesday class, I’ve arranged an optional review session. Since it is optional, attendance will not be taken; however, attending the class would be a good idea for those worried about the midterm. So, remember: optional class next Wednesday; midterm, Friday.

    【生词摘录】 1. Detroit: the largest city in Michigan and a major Great Lakes port; center of the United States automobile industry; located in southeastern Michigan on the Detroit river across from Windsor 底特律 2. administer: v. to organize the way a test or punishment is given, or the way laws are used 执行,实施 3. optional: adj. if something is optional, you do not have to do it or use it, but you can choose to if you want to 可选择的,非强制的 4. attendance: n. [C,U]the number of times that you go to a meeting, class etc that is held regularly 出席率,到场次数

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  9. PBT 19

    19 Before we start our first lab, I’d like to tell you a little bit about the workbook we’ll be using. The first thing I’d like to point out is that the workbook contains a very large amount of material, far more than you could ever handle in a single semester. What you’re supposed to do is choose the experiments and activities that you want to do—within a certain framework, of course. Part of my job is to help you make your choices. Next, I’d like to mention that in each workbook chapter, there are usually two subsections. The first is called "Experiments" and the second is called "Activities." In the "Experiments" section, the workbook gives full instructions for all the experiments, including alternate procedures. Choose the procedure you wish—there’s plenty of equipment available. In the "Activities" section, you will find suggestions for projects that you can do on your own time. You’ll see that there are usually no detailed instructions for the activities—you’re supposed to do them your own way. If there are no questions, let’s turn to Chapter One now.

    【生词摘录】 1. workbook: n. [C]a school book containing questions and exercises(包含问题与练习的)作业本;练习本 2. framework: n. [C]a set of facts, ideas etc from which more complicated ideas are developed, or on which decisions are based 体系,体制;参照标准;准则;框架 3. subsection: n. [C]a part of a section 分部;小节,小段 4. alternate: adj. especially AmE used instead of the one that was intended to be used(尤美)可替换的,可供选择的 5. procedure: n. [C]the correct or normal way of doing something(正确的或通常做事的)步骤,手续 6. detailed: adj. including a lot of information and detail 详细的,详尽的

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  10. PBT 09

    9 Now that we’ve all introduced ourselves to the new members, let’s get down to work. As the committee in charge of this year’s tree-planting project, we have several items on our agenda. First, we have to review the budget. The president has informed me that the trustees have set aside $3,000 for the purchase of trees and our environmental T-shirt sale netted a profit of $1,500. Second, we have to finalize the choice of trees. As you know, we’re working with Richardson’s Nursery again this year since everyone seemed pleased with the work he did for us last year. Mr. Richardson has presented us with several choices within our price range that he thinks would meet our needs. He’s sent us pictures of the trees for us to look at, but he wanted me to tell you that we’re welcome to visit the nursery if we want to see the trees themselves. Lastly, we need to plan some kind of ceremony to commemorate the planting. Several ideas, including a garden party of some sort, have been suggested. So let’s get on with it and turn to the first order of business.

    【生词摘录】 1. item: n. [C]a single thing, especially part of a list, group, or set (尤指清单上、一群或一组事物中的)一项;一件;一条 2. trustee: n. [C]a member of a group that controls the money of a company, college, or other organization(公司、学院等的)理事,董事会成员 3. net: v. especially AmE to earn a particular amount of money as a profit after tax has been paid 【尤美】获得净收入,净赚 4. finalize: v. to finish the last part of a plan, business deal etc 使(计划、交易等)确定,最后定下 5. nursery: n. [C]a place where plants and trees are grown and sold 苗圃(garden center, BrE)

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