rowlando / Nick

There is one person in rowlando’s collective.

Huffduffed (55)

  1. Naval Ravikant on Reading, Happiness, Systems for Decision Making, Habits, Honesty and More

    Naval Ravikant (@naval) is the CEO and co-founder of AngelList. He’s invested in more than 100 companies, including Uber, Twitter, Yammer, and many others.

    Don’t worry, we’re not going to talk about early stage investing. Naval’s an incredibly deep thinker who challenges the status quo on so many things.

    In this wide ranging interview we talk about reading, habits, decision-making, mental models, and life.

    Just a heads up, this is the longest podcast I’ve ever done. While it felt like only thirty minutes, our conversation lasted over two hours!

    If you’re like me, you’re going to take a lot of notes so grab a pen and paper. I left some whitespace on the transcript below in case you want to take notes in the margin.

    Enjoy this amazing conversation.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  2. Annette Karmiloff-Smith - The Life Scientific

    Annette Karmiloff-Smith, from the Birkbeck Centre for Brain & Cognitive Development in London talks to Jim Al-Khalili about her Life Scientific. Starting out as a simultaneous interpreter for the United Nations she soon decided that not being allowed to express any thoughts of her own wasn't for her. After a chance encounter with Jean Piaget, one of the most renowned psychologists of all time, she decided to pursue psychology and over forty years later she is a world expert in brain development and how babies and children learn. Her research has been cited not just by fellow psychologists, but by philosophers, linguists, educationalists, geneticists and neuroscientists. Her controversial response to guidance issued by the American Academy of Paediatrics, that parents should discourage TV viewing in children under 2, is that if the subject matter is chosen well, and is scientifically based, a TV screen can be better for a baby than a book.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  3. David Spiegelhalter - The Life Scientific

    Is it more reckless to eat a bacon sandwich everyday or to go skydiving? What's the chance that all children in the same family have exactly the same birthday? Jim Al-Khalili talks to Professor David Spiegelhalter about risk, uncertainty and the real odds behind everyday life.

    As one of the world's leading statisticians, he is regularly called upon to help answer questions in high profile inquiries - like the one into the Harold Shipman murders, infant heart surgery at Bristol Royal Infirmary and the PiP breast implant scandal.

    Jim finds out more about the Life Scientific of the man who despite winning many awards and his research papers being some of the most cited in his field David Spiegelhalter says he isn't really that good at maths.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  4. Professor Sir Michael Rutter

    Professor Sir Michael Rutter has been described as the most illustrious and influential psychiatric scientist of his generation. His international reputation has been achieved despite the fact that as a young doctor, he had no intention of becoming a researcher, nor interest in becoming a child psychiatrist. In fact he became a world leader as both.

    His career has spanned more than five decades and is marked by a remarkable body of high-impact research and landmark studies. The theme running through all his work has been child development, on the subtle interplay between nature and nurture and on the factors that make the difference between a child flourishing, or floundering.

    Evacuated during World War Two, to a Quaker family in the USA, Mike Rutter tells Jim Al-Khalili about the impact this move, aged seven, had on him. He describes the inspirational teachers who persuaded him that research and clinical work as a child and adolescent psychiatrist, was for him, and he admits that an early mentor insisted he mustn't receive any formal training in child psychiatry, something he hasn't received to this day!

    He was awarded this country's first ever professorship in child psychiatry in 1973 and he's credited with founding the field of developmental psychopathology. This involves the study, over time, of normal and abnormal child development. He's currently Professor of Developmental Psychopathology at King's College, London and still a practicing child psychiatrist.

    An early breakthrough was his discovery that autism, or infantile psychosis as it was then known, had a genetic basis, something barely suspected at the time.

    Beautifully designed studies of populations over time followed, many of them landmark studies still cited today. They established the framework for studying and investigating mental illness in the community. The Isle of Wight Studies (1964-74) surveyed the mental health of children living on the island and for the first time in such research, children themselves were directly interviewed and questioned. Before this, Mike Rutter tells Jim, the assumption had been that what children thought and said didn't really matter.

    In the 1970s, the Fifteen Thousand Hours study, delivered ground-breaking evidence about the combination of factors that affected the performance and behaviour of children in inner city secondary schools. Findings from this study were included by both the Labour and Conservative parties in their 1979 election manifestos.

    "Maternal Deprivation Reassessed" was Mike Rutter's challenge to John Bowlby's hugely influential theory of maternal attachment. It was described as "a classic in the field of childcare" and it transformed the debate about the relationships that help babies to flourish.

    His fascination with the underlying reasons why and how children vary in their ability to weather and cope with adversity, led to the growth of resilience science. For more than 40 years Mike Rutter, "the intellectual father", has led this field of study.

    His name is particularly associated with "natural experiments" and one of the best known is the English Romanian Adoptees study that he set up in the early 1990s and still runs today. The children being followed are those rescued from the orphanages of Nicolai Ceausescu and adopted by families in this country. Because of the appalling conditions many of these babies and toddlers experienced in Romanian institutions, Professor Rutter understood that tracking and studying them as they grew up in loving homes here, would provide important insights into how early deprivation affects children's development.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  5. Specific Language Impairment - Dorothy Bishop - Life Scientific

    Dorothy Bishop is a world-leading expert in childhood language disorders.

    Since the 1970s, she has been instrumental in bringing to light a little-known language disorder that may affect around two children per class starting primary school.

    'Specific Language Impairment', or SLI, was originally deemed to be the fault of lazy parents who didn't talk to their children. But through her pioneering studies on twins, Dorothy found a genetic link behind this disorder, helping to overturn these widespread misconceptions.

    Dorothy talks to Jim Al-Khalili about how families react when they discover there's a genetic basis to their problems, and why this language impairment isn't as well known as other conditions, like autism and dyslexia.

    A critic of pseudoscience and media misreporting, Dorothy discusses her experiences of speaking out against folk psychology and bad science journalism.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  6. Elizabeth Stokoe - The Life Scientific

    Jim Al-Khalili talks to the social psychologist Liz Stokoe about her research as a conversation analyst. Her interest is in the nuances of everyday chit chat but also people going on first dates, the verbal abuse between neighbours at war as well as interviews by the Police with suspected criminals.

    Liz is professor of social interaction at the University of Loughborough and her unusual approach involves collecting and analysing the fine details of hundreds of real, spontaneous conversations as a source of raw data. This is in contrast to more traditional means, used by other psychologists of finding out what people think by asking them directly using surveys and questionnaires.

    Her most recent research has overturned ideas about the best ways to teach people how to communicate, negotiate or deal with confrontation. Role play using actors to stage a scenario, has been seen by many as a gold standard training device. But, Liz says there's no evidence to show that it works. Her alternative technique is based on her own scientific research and is already being widely used by different organisations from the Police to Mediation services and even hospitals, to help with doctor patient relationships.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  7. Could computers replace judges?

    on Faine's co-host is educator, ethicist, theologian and strategic advisor, Associate Professor Rufus Black. He is Master of Ormond College and Deputy Chancellor at Victoria University. Rufus is also President of the Board of Museum Victoria and a director at Corrs Chambers Westgarth and the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute. He recently launched the Wade Institute, and will deliver a keynote address on the innovation we need to avoid the politics we don't want at Creative Innovation Asia Pacific 2016 on Wednesday 9th November.

    Their first guest is IT and judicial reform expert, Judge Dory Reiling. She is a senior judge with the Amsterdam District Court, and a former Senior Judicial Reform Specialist at the World Bank (2004-2007). Judge Reiling is in Melbourne as a keynote speaker for the Sir Zelman Coen Centre's Law and Courts in an Online World International Conference.

    Then they are joined by psychologist, researcher and entrepreneur, Patrycja Slawuta. She is the founder of SelfHackathon. She will deliver a keynote address on Hacking Failure: The Psychology of Basic Human Fears and How to Overcome Them at Creative Innovation Asia Pacific 2016 on Tuesday 8th November.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  8. Negotiating your divorce online

    In a world first, Dutch Legal Aid Board has teamed with the company to roll out a revolutionary on-line dispute resolution platform called Rechtwijzer, which translates as 'Signposts to Justice'.

    So far over a thousand divorce settlements have been successfully completed.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  9. Justice via Algorithms?

    A recent decision of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin involving a Mr Eric Loomis has focussed attention on the use of risk assessment profiles in sentencing.

    The COMPAS Risk Assessment Tool, created by the American firm Northpointe can be considered as part of sentencing decisions.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

  10. Technology and the law

    Technology is transforming the work of lawyers and the delivery of legal services to the consumer.

    Already legal advice and dispute resolution can be accessed online.

    UK legal futurologist Professor Richard Susskind says increasingly machines will play a role in coming up with legal arguments and legal strategies.

    He was visiting Australia to deliver the Sir Zelman Cowen Centre Centenary Oration at Victoria University.

    —Huffduffed by rowlando

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