Steve Silberman talks about how Nazi extermination plans and a discredited scientific paper about childhood vaccines shaped our current understanding of autism.
‘NeuroTribes’ Examines The History â And Myths â Of The Autism Spectrum : Shots - Health News : NPR
In 1938, an Austrian pediatrician named Hans Asperger gave the first public talk on autism in history. Asperger was speaking to an audience of Nazis, and he feared that his patients — children who fell onto what we now call the autism spectrum — were in danger of being sent to Nazi extermination camps.
As Asperger spoke, he highlighted his "most promising" patients, a notion that would stick with the autistic spectrum for decades to come.
"That is where the idea of so-called high-functioning versus low-functioning autistic people comes from really — it comes from Asperger’s attempt to save the lives of the children in his clinic," science writer Steve Silberman tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross.
Silberman chronicles the history of autism and examines some of the myths surrounding our current understanding of the condition in his new book, NeuroTribes. Along the way, he revisits Asperger’s calculated efforts to save his patients.
Silberman shies away from using the terms high-functioning and low-functioning, because "both of those terms can be off base," he says. But he praises Asperger’s courage in speaking to the Nazis. "I would literally weep while I was writing that chapter," he says.
NeuroTribes also explores how a 1987 expansion of the medical definition of autism (which was previously much narrower and led to less frequent diagnoses) contributed to the perception that there was an autism epidemic.
Looking ahead, Silberman says that while much of today’s autism research focuses on finding a cause for the condition, society might be better served if some of the research funds were directed instead toward helping people live with autism. "I think that society really needs to do a bit of soul-searching about how we’re dealing with autism," he says. "We need to get over our obsession with causes, because we’ve been researching the cause of schizophrenia for decades and we still don’t know what causes schizophrenia exactly."
Scientists have firmly established that childhood vaccines do not cause autism, but many people still choose not to vaccinate their kids. Writer Seth Mnookin talks to Brooke about why vaccinations are still down, two years after an investigation that completely discredited the anti-vaccine movement’s strongest study.
As the founder of the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer, Andrew Anglin has been described as the alt-right’s most effective propagandist. Steve Inskeep talks to Luke O’Brien who wrote about Anglin.
Kim Schuette of Biodynamic Wellness joins Elevate Your Energy to discuss: - What does ?mindful conception? involve? - Why is autism on the rise and can it be prevented? - What are the typical steps you young couples should take prior to conception? - What contributes to infertility? - What do you need to know about early childhood vaccines? - What are the best first foods for babies? - What are the best ways to keep young children healthy and thriving?
Feline behavior specialist Sarah Ellis explains how you can train your kitty to come on command, take medicine and stop waking you up in the middle of the night. Originally broadcast Sept. 12, 2016.
[powerpress] Paul is interviewed by Ken Roberts on his radio program Bulls and Bears In this edited (originally one hour) program, recorded Sept.
Stream The Asher Hour - Guest star Ron Mexxico - Sept 13 2015 by Eve Asher from desktop or your mobile device
Featuring never-before-seen film footage of Adolph Hitler and the Nazi regime, The Architecture of Doom captures the inner workings of the Third Reich and illuminates the Nazi aesthetic in art, architecture and popular culture. From Nazi party rallies to the final days inside Hitler’s bunker, this sensational film shows show Adolph Hitler rose from being a failed artist to creating a world of ponderous kitsch and horrifying terror. Hitler worshiped ancient Rome and Greece, and dreamed of a new Golden Age of classical art and monumental architecture, populated by beautiful, patriotic Aryans. "Degenerate" artists and inferior races had no place in his lurid fantasy. As this riveting film shows, the Nazis went from banning the art of modernists like Picasso to forced euthanasia of the retarded and sick and finally to the persecution of homosexuals and the extermination of Jews. Written, produced and directed and edited by Peter Cohen.
Holocaust Survivors, an excellent educational resource about the Nazi Holocaust of Jews in World War II, includes interviews, photographs and audio recordings of survivors.
Other features include interactive discussions, a Holocaust encyclopedia and a bibliography.
The site is both emotionally moving and factually informative.