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kbavier / Ken Bavier

There are twelve people in kbavier’s collective.

Huffduffed (98)

  1. Brian Eno: The Long Now - The Long Now

    The Long Now

    Brian told the origins of his realizations about the "small here" versus the "big here" and the "short now" versus the "long now."

    He noted that the Big Here is pretty well popularized now, with exotic restaurants everywhere, "world" music, globalization, and routine photos of the whole earth.

    Instant world news and the internet has led to increased empathy worldwide.

    But empathy in space has not been matched by empathy in time.

    If anything, empathy for people to come has decreased.

    We seem trapped in the Short Now.

    The present generation enjoys the greatest power in history, but it appears to have the shortest vision in history. That combination is lethal.

    Danny Hillis proposed that there’s a bug in our thinking about these matters—-about long-term responsibility.

    We need to figure out what the bug is and how to fix it.

    We’re still in an early, fumbling phase of doing that, like the period before the Royal Society in 18th-century England began to figure out science.

    Tim O’Reilly gave an example of the kind of precept that can emerge from taking the longer-term seriously.

    These days shoppers are often checking out goods (trying on clothes, etc.) in regular retail stores but then going online to buy the same goods at some killer discount price.

    Convenient for the shopper, terrible for the shops, who are going out of business, hurting communities in the process.

    The aggregate of lots of local, short-term advantage-taking is large-scale, long-term harm.

    Hence Tim’s proposed precept, now spreading on the internet: "Buy where you shop."

    Ie. When you shop online, buy there.

    When you shop in shops, buy there.

    Four simple words that serve as a reminder to head off accumulative harm.

    Leighton Read observed that imagining the future is an acquired skill, and comes in stages.

    An infant can’t imagine the next bottle, or plan for it.

    A teenager can at most imagine the next six months, and only on a good day; on a rowdy Saturday night, Sunday morning is too remote to grasp.

    For us adults the distant future is still unimaginable.

    One thing that Leighton likes about the 10,000-year Clock project is that it lets you imagine a particular part of the very remote future—-the Clock ticking away in its mountain—-and then you can widen your scope from there, to include climate change over centuries, for example.

    Alexander Rose suggested that we should collect examples where a small effort in the present pays off huge in the long term.

    Tim O’Reilly would like to see us develop a taxonomy of such practices.

    Brian’s talk Friday night at Fort Mason was a smashing affair.

    Some 750 people were pried into the Herbst Pavillion, while 400-500 had to be turned away.

    Eno evidently attracts the sweetest, brightest people—-everyone was polite and helpful and patient.

    The only publicity for the lecture had been email forwarded among friends and posted on blogs, plus one radio show (Michael Krasny’s "Forum").

    —Stewart Brand

    http://longnow.org/seminars/02003/nov/14/the-long-now/

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  2. hpr2427 :: Server Basics 101

    Released on 2017-11-21 under a CC-BY-SA license. Klaatu covers the very very basics of servers: what they are, how to know one when you see one, what one ought to run, and why we have them.

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  3. hpr2435 :: Server Basics 102

    Klaatu talks about SSH configuration on the server you set up in 101.

    << First, < Previous, Next >, Latest >>

    Hosted by klaatu on 2017-12-01 is flagged as Clean and is released under a CC-BY-SA license. Listen in ogg, spx, or mp3 format.

    Klaatu talks about SSH, changing SSH ports, and using SSH keys for the server you presumably set up after hearing Server Basics 101 in this series.

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  4. Dave Winer on The Open Web, Blogging, Podcasting and More | Internet History Podcast

    From Netscape To The iPad

    http://www.internethistorypodcast.com/2017/10/dave-winer-on-the-open-web-blogging-podcasting-and-more/

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  5. 112: Ryder Carroll, Inventor of the Bullet Journal System Explains How To Get Things Done! from GTD® Virtual Study Group on podbay

    GTD Virtual Study Group

    We had on the virtual studio, Ryder Carroll, the creator of a new way of taking notes and getting things done, The Bullet Journal. This Bullet Journal system is not only highly innovative, shows incredible entrepeneurialship on Ryder’s part, and reinforces a huge point for me, which is that if you are smart, hard working, believe in something passionately, and can develop a sound strategic business plan, you can make anything happen online. His website is gorgeous, his video is simply awesome and Ryder’s Bullet Journal has sparked tons of comments online, generated lots of fan-based blog posts, and overall, has absolutely gone viral!

    In this episode, I ask Ryder what prompted him to create this system. His story is truly personal and it reinforced a very important point for me - that productivity is so very personal. Yet, anyone can leverage his system as a framework and develop their own system with his as a foundation. In many ways, it is like what so many people have done with Getting Things Done methodology. We also talked about whether he is all analog all the time. You may be surprised by his answer!

    Lastly, I took many of your questions that you pre-submitted online to me.

    What a great episode!

    http://www.gtdvsg.com/podcasts/2013/11/ryder-carroll-inventor-of-the-bullet-journal-system-explains-how-to-get-things-done.html

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  6. Is Sugar Slowly Killing Us? My conversation with Gary Taubes

    It seems that nowadays, aside from religion and politics, one of the most hotly debated topics is that of nutrition.

    Should we eat high carb diets? Low carb? High fat? High protein? What about wheat or gluten? Should we eat meat or adopt a vegan diet?

    There are as many opinions as there are people — and books, magazines and websites are overflowing with information showing you the “right” way to eat and exercise to lose weight.

    But if “eating less and moving more” is all it takes to lose weight and enjoy a healthy lifestyle, why are so many of us fat and getting fatter?

    In today’s episode, I chat with Gary Taubes, bestselling author of three books, The Case Against Sugar (2016), Why We Get Fat and What to Do About It (2011) and Good Calories, Bad Calories (2007).

    We talk about the sharp rise of obesity and diabetes in America, the structural hurdles to effective nutrition research, and explore the common myth that a calorie is just a calorie.

    Here are a few other things you’ll learn in this interview:

    How diets shifted in the last century, and what impact it’s having on our bodies today.

    Why a carb isn’t just a carb — and why you should know the difference

    Is the sugar industry the new Big Tobacco?

    What role genetics play in our health, and how much is under our control

    Why humans are so attracted to sugar and how to break the habit

    Gary’s suggestions to improve your health, drop body fat and feel terrific

    The benefits of fasting and how you can try it out yourself

    And a bunch more.

    If you think at all about your health, give this podcast a listen. And please add to the conversation by sharing your thoughts on Twitter or Facebook.


    Listen

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    Stream by clicking here.

    Download as MP3 by right-clicking here and choosing “save as”.

    Transcript

    A transcript is available to members of our learning community or for purchase separately ($9).

    Show Notes

    What is Gary’s daily diet? [00:02:18]

    Is nutritional science in a worse state when compared to other areas of medical science? [00:03:10]

    Gary historical take on nutritional science. [00:03:50]

    What role does genetics pay in obesity and diabetes? [00:07:52]

    Gary’s thought on the Mediterranean diet. [00:09:57]

    Statistics showing the increase in diabetes. [00:10:50]

    Slow Motion Disasters [00:12:09]

    Why are we seeing an increase in diabetes and obesity? [00:13:21]

    Sugar’s transition from luxury to staple. [00:15:49]

    What sugar does inside our bodies. [00:20:17]

    Why did diabetes specialists initially think that sugar didn’t contribute to diabetes? [00:22:44]

    How scientists discovered insulin resistance [00:24:48]

    Why are people so attracted to sugar? [00:29:03]

    Charles Mann on sugar as an addictive substance [00:32:24]

    A history of “calories in, calories out” [00:33:43]

    “Bringing this all back to insulin resistance…” [00:44:45]

    There is very little discussion of the mechanisms that lead to obesity. [00:46:41]

    What is the role of fibre? [00:48:42]

    Denis Burkitt’s role in bringing fiber into the conversation on obesity. [00:50:20]

    The development of technology and the recent interest in gut biomes [00:55:52]

    What has surprised Gary the most in his own research and exploration [00:57:03]

    The Nutrition Science Initiative [00:57:53]

    “If anything, at this point in time, we’ve done more harm than good.” [00:59:24]

    What will it take for the nutritional research community to get more rigorous? [01:03:47]

    How to use the research mindset from physics research to help support nutritional research [01:09:31]

    What would your harshest critics say about your intellectual honesty? [01:12:39]

    “I do have one advantage that [research scientists] don’t have.” [01:16:16]

    Will the sugar industry eventually be vilified like the tobacco industry? [01:20:25]

    What practical tips can somebody take to improve and protect their own health? [01:24:15]

    How Gary sometimes sees himself as the Grinch Who Stole Christmas [01:25:39]

    What are the worst starchy vegetables? [01:29:27]

    What’s your take on gluten? [01:29:58]

    One big problem with nutrition studies [01:32:23]

    Fasting [01:33:13]

    Gary’s experiments with intermittent fasting [01:37:37]

    What’s the next subject that you’re writing about? [01:38:22]

    Websites:

    Gary’s Website

    The Nutrition Science Initiative

    Gary’s Books:

    Good Calories, Bad Calories

    Why We Get Fat

    The Case Against Sugar

    People, Books, & Articles Mentioned:

    Denis Parsons Burkitt

    1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created

    NYT Article: What If It’s All a Big Fat Lie?

    Jerome Groopman’s review of Gary’s book

    Mechanisms, Pathophysiology, and Management of Obesity (New England Journal of Medicine)

    Tagged: Gary Taubes, Health, Nutrition

    https://www.farnamstreetblog.com/2017/11/gary-taubes-sugar/

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  7. YANSS 090 – Questioning the nature of reality with cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman – You Are Not So Smart

    Back in the early 1900s, the German biologist Jakob Johann Baron von Uexküll couldn’t shake the implication that the inner lives of animals like jellyfish and sea urchins must be radically different from those of humans.

    Uexküll was fascinated by how meaty, squishy nervous systems gave rise to perception. Noting that the sense organs of sea creatures and arachnids could perceive things that ours could not, he realized that giant portions of reality must therefore be missing from their subjective experiences, which suggested that the same was true of us. In other words, most ticks can’t enjoy an Andrew Lloyd Webber musical because, among other reasons, they don’t have eyes. On the other hand, unlike ticks, most humans can’t smell butyric acid wafting on the breeze, and so no matter where you sit in the audience, smell isn’t an essential (or intended) element of a Broadway performance of Cats.

    Uexküll imagined that each animal’s subjective experience was confined to a private sensory world he called an umwelt. Each animal’s umwelt was different, he said, distinctive from that of another animal in the same environment, and each therefore was tuned to take in only a small portion of the total picture. Not that any animal would likely know that, which was Uexküll’s other big idea. Because no organism can perceive the totality of objective reality, each animal likely assumes that what it can perceive is all that can be perceived. Each umwelt is a private universe, fitted to its niche, and the subjective experiences of all of Earth’s creatures are like a sea filled with a panoply of bounded virtual realities floating past one another, each unaware that it is unaware.

    Like all ideas, Uexküll’s weren’t completely new. Philosophers had wondered about the differences in subjective and objective reality going back to Plato’s cave (and are still wondering). But even though Uexküll’s ideas weren’t strictly original, he brought them into a new academic silo – biology. In doing so, he generated lines of academic research into neuroscience and the nature of consciousness that are still going today.

    For instance, when the philosopher Thomas Nagel famously asked, “What is it like to be a bat?” he thought there was no answer to his question because it would be impossible to think in that way. Bat sonar, he said, is nothing like anything we possess, “and there is no reason to suppose that it is subjectively like anything we can experience or imagine.” All one can do, said Nagel, is imagine what it would be like for a person, like yourself, to be a bat. Imagining what it would be like for a bat to be a bat is impossible. This was part of an overall criticism on the limits of reductionist thinking, and is, of course, still the subject of much debate.

    The siblings of these notions appear in the writings of everyone from Timothy Leary with his “reality tunnels” to J.J. Gibson’s “ecological optics” to psychologist Charles Tart and his “consensus trances.” From the Wachowski’s Matrix to Kant’s “noumenon” to Daniel Dennett’s “conscious robots,” we’ve been wondering about these questions for a very long time. You too, I suspect, have stumbled on these problems, asking something along the lines of “do we all see the same colors?” at some point. The answer, by the way, is no.

    The assumption in most of these musings is that we humans are unique because we can escape our umwelten. We have reason, philosophy, science, and physics which free us from the prison of our limited human perceptions. We can use tools to extend our senses, to see the background radiation left behind by the big bang or hear the ultrasonic laughter of ticklish mice. Sure, the table seems solid enough when we knock on it, and if you were still trapped in your umwelt, you wouldn’t think otherwise, but now you know it is actually mostly empty space thanks to your understanding of protons and electrons. We assume that more layers of truth reveal themselves to us with each successive paradigm shift.

    In this episode of the You Are Not So Smart podcast, we sit down with a scientist who is challenging these assumptions.

    Donald Hoffman, a cognitive psychologist at the University of California with a background in artificial intelligence, game theory, and evolutionary biology has developed a new theory of consciousness that, should it prove true, would rearrange our understanding of not only the mind and the brain, but physics itself.

    “I agree up to a point,” said Hoffman, “that different organisms are in effectively different perceptual worlds, but where I disagree is that these worlds are seeing different parts of the truth. I don’t think they are seeing the truth at all.”

    Hoffman wondered if evolution truly favored veridical minds, so he and his graduate students created computer models of natural selection that included accurate perceptions of reality as a variable.

    “We simulated hundreds of thousands of random worlds and put organisms in those worlds that could see all of the truth, part of the truth, or none of the truth,” explained Hoffman. “What we found in our simulations was that organisms that saw reality as-it-is could never outcompete organisms that saw none of reality and were just tuned to fitness, as long as they were of equal complexity.”

    The implication, Hoffman said, is that an organism that can see the truth will never be favored by natural selection. This suggests that literally nothing we can conceive of can be said to represent objective reality, not even atoms, molecules, or physical laws. Physics and chemistry are still inside the umwelt. There’s no escape.

    “If our perceptual systems evolved by natural selection, then the probability that we see reality as it actually is, in any way, is zero. Precisely zero,” said Hoffman.

    Well aware that these ideas come across as woo, Hoffman welcomes challenges from his peers and other interested parties, and in the interview you’ll hear what they’ve said so far and how you can investigate these concepts for yourself.

    Also in the show, Hoffman explains his ideas in detail in addition to discussing the bicameral mind, artificial intelligence, and the hard problem of consciousness in this mindbending episode about how we make sense of our world, our existence, and ourselves.

    https://youarenotsosmart.com/2016/12/02/yanss-090-questioning-the-nature-of-reality-with-cognitive-scientist-donald-hoffman/

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  8. Kevin Kelly: How AI can bring on a second Industrial Revolution

    "The actual path of a raindrop as it goes down the valley is unpredictable, but the general direction is inevitable," says digital visionary Kevin Kelly — and technology is much the same, driven by patterns that are surprising but inevitable. Over the next 20 years, he says, our penchant for making things smarter and smarter will have a profound impact on nearly everything we do. Kelly explores three trends in AI we need to understand in order to embrace it and steer its development. "The most popular AI product 20 years from now that everyone uses has not been invented yet," Kelly says. "That means that you’re not late."

    http://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_kelly_how_ai_can_bring_on_a_second_industrial_revolution

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  9. Sci-fi writer Ted Chiang on his story’s ‘unconventional’ adaptation into the film Arrival - Home | q | CBC Radio

    The hit sci-fi film Arrival is based on Ted Chiang’s short story, Story of Your Life.

    http://www.cbc.ca/radio/q/schedule-for-tuesday-december-20-2016-1.3902909/sci-fi-writer-ted-chiang-on-his-story-s-unconventional-adaptation-into-the-film-arrival-1.3902939

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

  10. Sources and Methods #33: Gabe Weatherhead — Sources & Methods

    https://www.sourcesandmethods.com/podcast/33-gabe-weatherhead

    —Huffduffed by kbavier

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