William John Bankes was an explorer, Egyptologist and adventurer who during the nineteenth century, travelled extensively to the Near East and Egypt, making an impressive collection of Egyptian artifacts. His massive portfolio of notes, manuscripts and drawings produced and collected during his travels along the Nile with explorations in Egypt provide the only historical record of some inscriptions and monuments.
The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries saw an explosion in academic interest in the tattoo. Tattoos played a significant role in medico-legal research across a wide range of disciplines, notably forensic medicine, criminology, anthropology and psychiatry. Whilst many scholars collected data on tattooing in the form of drawings and occasionally through photography, tattooed skins where also harvested. These historic collections now reside in a number of museums and archives across Europe.
Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade (1740-1814), now famous as a writer of vilely cruel and exceedingly embarrassing pornography, was imprisoned for a total of 27 years under three completely different forms of government - in the last years of Louis XVI’s reign, during the Revolution, and under Napoleon. What was he imprisoned for? He never had a trial, so he never knew. Caroline Warman will introduce you to the man, his writings and his context, and explore how his work resisted and played out the violence imposed on him by the establishment.