exchgr / Elle Mundy

There are no people in exchgr’s collective.

Huffduffed (63)

  1. Mike Roberts on Serverless Architectures

    In this episode of the O’Reilly Programming Podcast, I talk serverless architecture with Mike Roberts, engineering leader and co-founder of Symphonia, a serverless and cloud architecture consultancy. Roberts will give two presentations—Serverless Architectures: What, Why, Why Not, and Where Next? and Designing Serverless AWS Applications—at the O’Reilly Software Architecture Conference, October 16-19, 2017, in London.

    Original video: https://soundcloud.com/oreilly-radar/mike-roberts-on-serverless-architectures
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/ on Tue, 15 Jan 2019 16:40:50 GMT Available for 30 days after download

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  2. Safety Moment - We want machines to be people and people to be machines. What is wrong with us?

    Listen to this podcast.

    Best Safety Podcast, Safety Program, Safety Storytelling, Investigations, Human Performance, Safety Differently, Operational Excellence, Resilience Engineering, Safety and Resilience Incentives

    Give this a listen.

    Thanks for lis


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  3. The White Boyfriend with Zazie Beetz, David Rysdahl & Rick Proctor

    Zazie Beetz is back, with her writer-actor boyfriend David Rysdahl. Justin also brought his boyfriend, Rick Proctor, into the studio. Both baes are white. We discuss the deep personal growth and public perils of our interracial love.


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  4. Good Egress - 99% Invisible

    When designing a commercial structure, there is one safety component that must be designed right into the building from the start: egress.

    Credit: MySafetySign.com“Egress” refers to an entire exit system from a building: stairs, corridors, and evacuation routes outside the building. Each state’s building code specifies a certain number of means of egress, depending on the size and purpose of the structure.

    Simply put, there have to be enough doors, corridors, and stairs for every occupant to exit in an orderly manner in the event of an emergency.

    Historically, the biggest threat to architecture has been fire, and architecture has evolved to resist it. In the 1700s, the best that building occupants could do in the event of a fire was to shout for firemen, who would bring the  “fire escape”—essentially a cart with a ladder on it.

    The earliest fire escapes were mobile. Credit: Reliance Fire CompanyFire escape methods became incorporated into architecture with the invention of the scuttle. The scuttle looked like a modern skylight with an attached ladder, allowing one to access the roof, at which point that person could walk onto a neighbor’s roof and climb down through their scuttle.

    Many cities required that scuttles be incorporated in new construction, and it was the first time that architecture was regulated for the sake of fire safety.

    Credit: Bilco.com 

    By about 1860, New York began to require means of egress in tenement buildings. Landlords, of course, often went with the least expensive egress option: rope. 

    Courtesy of Scientific AmericanThere were ropes and ropes with baskets, with which people were supposed to lower themselves to the ground. There were even advertisements for fake cabinets, hollow refrigerators, and empty washing machines in which to stow away a rope baskets.

    Image courtesy of Sara WermielOne engineer actually thought that, instead of dispatching the ropes from indoors, archers could shoot the ropes up to the higher floors.

    Image courtesy of Sara WermielAnother patent proposed individual parachute hats, with accompanying rubber shoes to break the fall.

    There were also fire escape slides, which were marketed to schools as both emergency devices and playground equipment.

    Credit: RootswebBy the 1870s, fire escapes had become permanent iron structures. Some were just straight ladders clamped to walls, others were the angled ladders more resembling stairs. But in true disasters, fire escapes didn’t suffice.

    New York’s Asch Building was required to have three means of egress. The developer insisted the property would be just be used as warehousing, so rather than installing three stairs, he was allowed to put in two stairs and a thin fire escape.

    The owner rented the top three floors of the Asch Building to the Triangle Shirtwaist Company.

    Floorplan of the Asch Building. Credit: Cornell UniversityOn March 25, 1911, a fire broke out in the Asch Building and spread quickly.

    Workers on the tenth floor were able to survive by taking the stairs up through a fire exit to the roof. Workers on the eighth floor were by and large able to get out by taking the stairs down.

    But workers on the ninth floor were trapped. Only a few people on the ninth floor knew about the tenth floor exit, and most didn’t know to go upstairs. Allegedly, one of the doors out of the building was locked—though even if it wasn’t, the staircases that would have provided egress were too narrow and winding to hold the number of people who needed to escape.

    The Asch Building fire escape. Courtesy of the The California State University of NorthridgeA number of workers tried to use the outside fire escape, but it collapsed under their weight. It was from the windows of the ninth floor that many workers, desperate to escape the flames and smoke, fell or jumped to their deaths.

    146 people died, most of them women, right in the middle of Greenwich Village.

    Courtesy of New York Public LibraryAftermath of the Triangle fire. Courtesy of Cornell UniversityThe building, however, was fine. It was a fireproof structure, which is why, at the time, no one really thought it needed egress. The Asch building, now called the Brown Building, is part of New York University.

    The Brown Building of Science. Credit: Wally Gobetz.Exits and egress were a problem, people thought, for the tenements and poor quality buildings. Popular logic was that if a building was first class and non-combustable, the occupants could be safely locked inside.

    The Triangle fire proved that architecture couldn’t protect people. People had to protect themselves from architecture. After the Triangle Fire, the National Fire Protection Association started collecting data and studying  effective egress.


    Fire escapes, it turns out, just didn’t work.

    Courtesy of Sarah WermielBecause they weren’t commonly used, fire escapes were often in states of disrepair or eroded by the elements. Even if they were maintained, fire escapes were not accessible to people with disabilities, the young, the elderly, and women, who were hamstrung by their long skirts.

    Most importantly, since people were not accustomed to using fire escapes, they often didn’t know where they were located.

    Generally speaking, people try to leave a building the same way they entered it, and the modern fire escape is designed for this logic.  They are the first place you would think to go in an emergency. They are the stairs. Or rather, they look like normal staircases, but they are truly  pieces of emergency equipment: enclosed in fire proof walls, sealed with a self-closing door, and covered in sprinklers and alarms.

    The fire stairs in Oakland’s Tribune Tower. Credit: Alex Kelley.Fire Stairs in San Francisco. Credit: Malik AdanBecause the fire stairs work perfectly well as stairways, they’re often the stairway in a building. Rather than spending the money and space on an opulent lobby with a grand, sweeping stairway, new construction tends to just have elevators and fire stairs.

    These stairs in Rome are a rarity. Credit: Duluoz CatsToday, fire stairways need to be “rated,” meaning they need to be enclosed in a construction that won’t melt or allow the fire to penetrate as quickly as a non-rated wall. This is why the stairs are always shoved off into a cold, industrial-looking tower, no matter what the building looks like from the outside.

    The rated towers and other emergency structures are now modeled with egress software such as Exodus, which allows architects and consultants to plug in the measurements of the building, its emergency equipment, the maximum number of occupants,  click “play,” and watch digital people escape the pixel flames.

    This software works because humans generally behave predictably in emergencies. In a state of panic, people don’t want to go places they haven’t gone before, or use devices they’ve never seen, or suddenly see if they can catch a rope shot with a bow and arrow. The way egress works now is in keeping with the way we use buildings normally.

    Rated towers might be ugly, expensive, and space-consuming, but they help save lives.  In 2012, there were 65 deaths in non-residential structures, which  are the buildings with the heavy regulations and rated stairways. This number is already down from 2003, where there were 220 deaths in non-residential structures.

    Advances in egress make external fire escapes look primordial, but there’s still something beautiful about them, even the ones no longer in use.  Fire escapes are a physical reminder of how we evolved past being a culture that says, “Here’s a rope. Good luck, buddy!”

    Fire escape on a fourteen-story, 1907 San Francisco office building. Courtesy of Sara Wermiel 

    This is the accordion fire escape outside our window. Eek!

    “Journalism is a translation of madness, and poetry is a transcription of madness.”— Sean Cole, journalist, poet, and 99pi regular. Listen past the credits to hear Sean reading from Frank O’Hara’s “Meditations in an Emergency.”

    BUT WAIT! THERE’S MORE: we want to see your “Good Egress” inspired images for our Now You See It project. Submit to our Flickr group, email them to [email protected] or put them on Instagram with the hashtag #99PI. We’ll be curating and presenting our favorites on our Instagram and Tumblr.

    Need inspiration? Check out Kate Joyce’s latest Image Correspondence posts.

    As mentioned in the credits, Roman will do a Q&A and perform 99pi stories live at the Sounds Alive Audio Festival in Dublin, Ireland on Sept. 6, 2014. Come out and see some radio!

    *Correction: We incorrectly referred to One World Trade Center as “Freedom Tower.” The name was changed in 2009. 


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  5. Kevin Killian Talk Kootenay School Vancouver

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  6. The Demonization of Gluten - Freakonomics Radio - WNYC

    Celiac disease is thought to affect roughly one percent of the population. The good news: it can be treated by …


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  7. TED TALK : We’re building a dystopia just to make people click on ads by ZEYNEP TUFEKCI

    I do not own this video. The original video is https://www.ted.com/talks/zeynep_tufekci_we_re_building_a_dystopia_just_to_make_people_click_on_ads All copyrights go to TED TALK https://www.ted.com/

    This is just a chinese subtitled version. It is an assignment for one of my course. I am not a skilled translator and this is my first video translation.

    Original video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yl4NJleY-wk
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/ on Mon, 01 Jan 2018 01:46:18 GMT Available for 30 days after download

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  8. The inside story of Doug Jones’s win in Alabama from The Ezra Klein Show on podbay

    The inside story of Doug Jones’s win in Alabama

    “The day before the Washington Post story came out, we were behind by one point, 46 to 45,” says Joe Trippi. “And the day before the election, we were ahead in our own survey by two points. We ended up winning by 1.8.”This, Trippi says, was the reality of the Alabama Senate election. It was a dead heat when it started. It was a dead heat on the day it ended. And a lot of what the media thinks they know about it is wrong.Trippi, who managed Howard Dean’s 2004 presidential campaign, was the chief media strategist on the Jones campaign. And in this conversation, he tells the inside story of that effort, and what people don’t know about it. The sexual abuse allegations against Roy Moore, for instance, played a more complex role than many realize — the Jones campaign found that they often re-tribalized a race that they were desperately trying de-tribalize, and would occasionally boost Roy Moore’s numbers.Trippi says the central insight of the Jones campaign was that many voters, including many Trump-friendly Republicans, are already exhausted by the chaos and hostility of Trump’s Washington, and they’re open to alternatives. That was the opportunity Jones exploited, and it’s a lesson Trippi thinks other Democrats could learn in 2018. Here’s how the Jones campaign did it.Books!What It Takes: The Way to the White House by Richard Ben CramerLeonardo da Vinci by Walter IsaacsonGrant by Ron Chernow

    TweetPopout Listen on iPhoneListen on AndroidLoading…Download


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  9. Designing reliable systems with cloud infrastructure (Google Cloud Next ‘17)

    In this video, Paul Newson discusses zonal, regional and global services in Google Cloud Platform (GCP). You’ll hear tips on how to use these services to effectively design a service with the right balance of reliability and cost.

    Missed the conference? Watch all the talks here: https://goo.gl/c1Vs3h Watch more talks about Infrastructure & Operations here: https://goo.gl/k2LOYG

    Original video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Hy_6SMn8pY
    Downloaded by http://huffduff-video.snarfed.org/ on Mon, 18 Dec 2017 21:22:18 GMT Available for 30 days after download

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  10. Want to Solve Over-Monitoring and Alert Fatigue? Create the Right Incentives! | USENIX

    Telemetry monitors and their (constant) beeping is a pretty common sight in hospitals. I saw these at the NICU where my twins were being cared for after being born prematurely. My wife and I used to freak out every time one of these went off. Unlike a missed alarm that said your site’s down, failing to act on an alarm at a hospital can have much more critical consequences; in 2010 at a hospital in Massachusetts, a patient’s death was directly linked to telemetry monitoring after alarms signaling a critical event went unnoticed by 10 nurses.

    I attempted to solve this problem when I joined Zynga (in 2013) as the head of SRE. I will go over our failed attempts including filtering the noise, adding heads, building more tools, etc. Will also cover how I came up with an initiative called "clean room" as a way to incentivize engineering teams to keep the noise levels low. Finally, go over some of the tactics that worked (and ones that didn’t).

    Most people I spoke to about "clean room" almost always walked away having learned something (some have said it’s common sense). Share, learn, ask questions, participate - I’ll try to make it fun!


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