This week we sit down with Chris Noessel, author of Make It So: Interaction Design Lessons from Science Fiction to talk about fictional UI. Steve actively exposes how much of a dork he is throughout this epic Dirt episode.
Tagged with “science” (3)
Enhancing humans and humanity
Beginning with the accelerating pace of biotech tools for human health and enhancement, Naam noted that health issues such as disease prevention will be drastically easier to implement than enhancement.
Preventing some hereditary diseases can be done with a single gene adjustment, whereas enhancement of traits like intelligence or longevity entails the fine tuning of hundreds of genes.
He favors moving ahead with human germline engineering to totally eliminate some of our most horrific diseases.
Over time he expects that human gene editing will lead in the opposite direction from the enforced conformity depicted in Brave New World and the film “Gattaca.”
Instead people will relish exploring variety, and the plummeting costs of the technology will mean that the poor will benefit as well as the rich.
Naam’s brain discussion began with the Sergey Brin quote, “We want Google to be the third half of your brain.”
Brain interface tools are proliferating.
There are already 200,000 successful cochlear implants which feed sound directly into the nervous system.
There is a digital eye that feeds pretty good visual data directly to the brain via a jack in the side of the user’s head.
There is a hippocampus chip that can restore brain function in a rat.
Rat brains have been linked so that what one rat learns, the other rat knows.
The paper on that work was titled “Meta-organism of Two Rats on the Internet.”
Humans also have been linked brain to brain at a distance to share function.
Zebrafish have been lit up to show all their neurons firing in real time.
Coming soon is the deployment of “neural dust” that can provide ultrasonic communications with tens of thousands of neurons at a time.
How profound are the ethical issues?
Naam observed that we already have many of the attributes of telepathy in our cell phones and smart phones.
They came so rapidly and cheaply that they erased most of the concerns about a “digital divide.”
Half of the world is now on the Internet, with the rest coming fast. And rather than a divider, the technology proved to be an equalizer and a connector, fostering economic growth and the rapid spread and sifting of ideas.
Digital connectivity, he argued, is widening everyone’s “circle of empathy.”
A viral video started the Arab Spring.
Viral videos are changing how everyone thinks about race in America.
These technologies, he concluded, are making humans more humane.
One question from the audience inquired about the origin of so much reference in the Nexus series to group meditation as the epitome of mind sharing.
Naam noted that Buddhists, including the Dalai Lama, are highly interested in brain science, and his own experiences of the ecstacy of mind sharing were at a rave at Burning Man and a ten-day Vipassana Meditation Retreat in Thailand.
I asked if he agreed with the current round of panic about superintelligent artificial intelligence posing an existential threat to humanity.
He said no.
The dark scenarios imagine an AI so smart it implements new and grotesquely harmful pathways to solve a poorly contextualized problem.
Naam pointed out that “Software almost never does anything well by accident.” (A flock of Tweets burst from the theater with that line.)
And the dark scenarios imagine an isolated rogue super-capable AI.
In reality nothing really capable is developed in isolation.
Jeremy chats to Matt Novak about past visions of the future, the Jetsons, the Apollo programme, and how great dConstruct 2015 is going to be.
Matt Novak is the editor of Gizmodo’s Paleofuture blog, which looks at past visions of the future. He explores the history of our most optimistic dreams and our most pessimistic fears by looking at everything from flying cars and utopian communities to overpopulation and complete societal collapse. His work is inspired by his private collection of retro-futuristic artifacts, including hundreds of vintage tech magazines, space age lunchboxes, 1980s videophones, among hundreds of other pieces. Matt started the Paleofuture blog independently in 2007 and it was later acquired by Smithsonian magazine in 2011 and then by Gawker Media in 2013. He currently lives in Los Angeles, a city which has about four years until it’s set to achieve the utopia depicted in the 1982 documentary Blade Runner.