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Tagged with “history” (200)

  1. BBC Radio 4 - Computing Britain, Connected Thinking

    Long before the heroics of the world wide web, the internet was born out of a mixture of American ambition and British thrift. Packet Switching was the name coined by Welsh computer scientist Donald Davies in an effort to link the early computers in the labs of the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b069xdy3

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  2. BBC Radio 4 - Computing Britain, ERNIE Picks Prizes

    In 1956, adverts enticed the British public with a brand new opportunity. Buy premium bonds for one pound, for the chance to win a thousand. At the time, it was a fortune - half the price of the average house.

    Behind this tantalising dream was a machine called ERNIE - the Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment.

    ERNIE was built by the team who constructed Colossus, the code-breaking engine housed at Bletchley Park. They had just nine months to make a machine that generated random numbers using all the latest kit, from printed circuit boards to metal transistors.

    In this episode, mathematician Hannah Fry talks to Dr Tilly Blyth from the Science Museum about how ERNIE became an unlikely celebrity. Featuring archive from NS&I, the Science Museum and the BBC Library.

    Presented by Hannah Fry

    Produced by Michelle Martin

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b069wzvw

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  3. BBC Radio 4 - Computing Britain, LEO the Electronic Office

    Hannah Fry hears the incredible story of how a chain of British teashops produced the first office computer in the world.

    J Lyons and Company was the UK’s largest catering company, with 250 teashops across the country. They also owned their own bakeries, a tea plantation and haulage firm, as Dr Tilly Blyth from the Science Museum describes.

    By the 1950s, this vast business was drowning in paperwork. Lyons embarked on an ambitious new project to build a machine called LEO - the Lyons Electronic Office.

    Their office computer was based on the giant calculating machines being built inside UK universities to solve mathematical equations

    Sure, these machines could manage maths, but could they handle catering?

    Featuring archive from the British Library, the Science Museum and the LEO Society.

    Presented by Hannah Fry

    Produced by Michelle Martin

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b069rvb4

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  4. BBC Radio 4 - Computing Britain, Electronic Brains

    From the mobile phone to the office computer, mathematician Hannah Fry looks back at 70 years of computing history, to reveal the UK’s lead role in developing the technology we use today.

    In the first episode, she travels back to the 1940s, to hear the incredible story of the creation, in Britain, of the computer memory.

    Three teams from across the country - in Teddington, Manchester and Cambridge - were tasked with designing automatic calculating engines for university research. But which team would be first to crack the tricky problem of machine memory?

    Meanwhile, tabloid headlines proclaimed that engineers were building ‘electronic brains’ that could match, and maybe surpass, the human brain, starting a debate about automation and artificial intelligence that still resonates today.

    Featuring archive from the Science Museum and the BBC Library, plus an interview with technology historian Dr James Sumner from Manchester University.

    Presented by Hannah Fry

    Produced by Michelle Martin

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b069r3rt

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  5. Kevin Kelly: How technology evolves | TED Talk | TED.com

    Tech enthusiast Kevin Kelly asks "What does technology want?" and discovers that its movement toward ubiquity and complexity is much like the evolution of life.

    https://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_kelly_on_how_technology_evolves?language=en

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  6. BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, Voyages of James Cook

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the scientific advances made in the three voyages of Captain James Cook, from 1768 to 1779. Cook’s voyages astonished Europeans, bringing back detailed knowledge of the Pacific and its people, from the Antarctic to the Bering Straits. This topic is one of more than a thousand different ideas suggested by listeners in October and came from Alysoun Hodges in the UK, Fiachra O’Brolchain in Ireland, Mhairi Mackay in New Zealand, Enzo Vozzo in Australia, Jeff Radford in British Columbia and Mark Green in Alaska.

    With

    Simon Schaffer Professor of the History of Science at the University of Cambridge

    Rebekah Higgitt Lecturer in the History of Science at the University of Kent

    And

    Sophie Forgan Retired Principle Lecturer at the University of Teesside Chairman of Trustees of the Captain Cook Museum, Whitby

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06qkrks

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  7. BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, The Domesday Book

    Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Domesday Book, a vast survey of the land and property of much of England and Wales completed in 1086. Twenty years after the Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror sent officials to most of his new territories to compile a list of land holdings and to gather information about settlements, the people who lived there and even their farm animals. Almost without parallel in European history, the resulting document was of immense importance for many centuries, and remains a central source for medieval historians.

    With:

    Stephen Baxter Reader in Medieval History at Kings College London

    Elisabeth van Houts Honorary Professor of Medieval European History at the University of Cambridge

    David Bates Professorial Fellow in Medieval History at the University of East Anglia

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b040llvb

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  8. Episode 75: Mixed Languages and Scrambled Eggs | The History of English Podcast

    In this episode, we continue our look at the gradual emergence of Middle English from the linguistic rubble left in the wake of the Norman Conquest. English remained fractured and broken, and foreign influences continued to come in. We explore the changing language of the Peterborough Chronicle. We also examine how a merchant’s failed attempt to buy some eggs shaped the history of the English language.

    http://historyofenglishpodcast.com/2016/03/02/episode-75-mixed-languages-and-scrambled-eggs/

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  9. Hardcore History 55 - Blueprint for Armageddon VI - Dan Carlin

    It’s been a war of gambling for the Germans, but by 1918 they find themselves with a window of opportunity. They have knocked Serbia, Romania and Russia out of the war in successive years. They (and their Austro-Hungarian allies) bloody the lip of the Italians in late 1917. In 1918 they are able to turn nearly their full might against the Allied-Entente forces on the Western Front.

    If they can smash their opponents in France before American numbers become overwhelming they can perhaps force a pro-German peace on Britain, France, the U.S. and the rest of the allies.

    The “Multi-Punch combination” thrown by the Germans starting on March 21st 1918 is known by a variety of names, perhaps most commonly “The 1918 Spring Offensive”. But there’s nothing “common” about it. It will include some of the most nasty battles in history and will give the Allies several “soil your underpants” moments right from the very start.

    http://www.dancarlin.com/hh-55/

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  10. Adactio: Articles—A

    The opening keynote from the inaugural HTML Special held before CSS Day 2016 in Amsterdam.

    https://adactio.com/articles/10887

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