Two designers talk about why they make robots, and how they plan to give their machines social skills.
Tagged with “robots” (40)
Robots probably won’t take over the world, but they probably will be given ever greater responsibility. Already, robots care for the elderly in Japan, and drones have dropped bombs on Afghanistan. Professor Noel Sharkey fell in love with artificial intelligence in the 1980s, celebrated when he programmed his first robot to move in a straight line down the corridor and , for many years, judged robot wars on TV. Now, he thinks AI is a dangerous dream. Jim al-Khalili hears how Noel left school at 15 to become an electrician’s apprentice and amateur rock musician before graduating as a Doctor of Psychology and world authority on robots, studying both their strengths and their limitations.
A.I., artificial intelligence, has had a big run in Hollywood. The computer Hal in Kubrick’s “2001” was fiendishly smart. And plenty of robots and server farms beyond HAL. Real life A.I. has had a tougher launch over the decades. But slowly, gradually, it has certainly crept into our lives.
Think of all the “smart” stuff around you. Now an explosion in Big Data is driving new advances in “deep learning” by computers. And there’s a new wave of excitement.
Guests: Yann LeCun, professor of Computer Science, Neural Science, and Electrical and Computer Engineering at New York University.
Peter Norvig, director of research at Google Inc.
From 23 October 2010:
In 2007, the Japanese central government pledged $26 billion over ten years to develop a robot dependent society and lifestyle that is safe, comfortable and convenient. One person who is helping to make this vision a reality is Professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute in Kyoto. He calls himself an Android Scientist and along with his multi disciplinary team of scientists he is creating very human-like robots or androids called Geminoids.
Why is the Japanese government pursuing such a vision? Why is it that the Japanese are able to welcome such machines into their society? Post Human explores these questions as well as providing a unique opportunity to hear scientists at the cutting edge of robotics express their hopes and fears about a future in which the lives of humans and robots are inextricably entwined.
A moving story of love, robot style.
Hiroshi Ishiguro Professor of Osaka University Dept of Systems Innovation Visiting Group Leader of Intelligent Robotics & Communications Laboratories at (ATR) Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International
Michael Berthin PhD candidate in Anthropology at London School of Economics
Kohei Ogawa Android Scientist
Christian Becker-Asano Android Scientist
(MIT Comparative Media Studies Podcast 6, March 2009)
Jennifer Robertson, Professor of Anthropology University of Michigan
In humans, gender—femininity, masculinity—is an array of performed behaviors, from dressing in certain clothes to walking and talking in certain ways. These behaviors are both socially and historically shaped, but are also contingent upon many situational influences, including individual choices. Female and male bodies alike can perform a variety of femininities and masculinities. What can human gender(ed) practices and performances tell us about how humanoid robots are gendered, and vice versa? Robertson explored and interrogated the gendering of humanoid robots manufactured today in Japan for use in the home and workplace. She showed that Japanese roboticists assign gender to their creations based on rigid assumptions about female and male sex and gender roles. Thus, humanoid robots can productively be understood as the vanguard of a "posthuman sexism," and are being developed in a socio-political climate of reactionary conservatism.
Hugo de Garis is the past director of the Artificial Brain Lab (ABL) at Xiamen University in China. Best known for his doomsday book The Artilect War, Dr. de Garis has always been on my wish-list of future guests on Singularity 1 on 1. Finally, a few weeks ago I managed to catch him for a 90 minutes interview via Skype.
During our discussion with Dr. de Garis we cover a wide variety of topics such as: how and why he got interested in artificial intelligence; Moore’s Law and the laws of physics; the hardware and software requirements for artificial intelligence; why cutting edge experts are often missing the writing on the wall; emerging intelligence and other approaches to AI; Dr. Henry Markram‘s Blue Brain Project; the stakes in building AI and his concepts of ArtIlects, Cosmists and Terrans; cosmology, the Fermi Paradox and the Drake equation; the advance of robotics and the political, ethical, legal and existential implications thereof; species dominance as the major issue of the 21st century; the technological singularity and our chances of surviving it in the context of fast and slow take-off.
This week: entrepreneurship in the developing world [00:47], microbes and the immune system [10:52], and robots that fly [20:51]; plus, a few stories from our online daily news site [30:28].
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