The modern critique of religion comes from Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche. Freud claimed that religion is psychological self-justification, that we created God to assuage our guilt and fear. Marx claimed that religion is a sociological self-justification, that we created God to exclude those unlike us. Nietzsche said that religion is nothing but a power trip, an attempt to use God to accrue power over others. However, Jesus himself critiqued religion and turned it on its head.
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Keller addresses three important principles about Christian conversion. First, we are not capable of finding God unless we experience spiritual conversion initiated by God. Second, Christian conversion is not a call to morality and religion; it is a challenge to morality and religion. Third, conversion happens by the transformation of the Holy Spirit.
A sermon by Tim Keller, Redeemer Church New York looking at the nature of absolute truth and how illogical it is that people can determine truth for themselves.
Historically, the gospel has been particularly empowering and compelling to the poor and the oppressed. Seeing what Jesus did for us, no matter what our socioeconomic position, frees us from being controlled by what is on the surface and teaches us to love and identify with the poor.